It is likely that most persons think of felt as a kind of material, smoother and harder than cotton or else woolen fabric, however cloth yet. The fact is that there is no similarity whatever in the values of production among felted fabric in addition woven fabric.
Felt varies from every other material in that it is made of a numerous of short, single animal threads which are linked by their natural tendency to “crawl” in addition to twist when kneaded as well as manipulated in hot water plus steam. Felt is the sturdiest fabric known because every fiber is interlocked in every direction with a number of other fibers. All other fabrics are made of fibers which are first twisted into threads and then woven by hand or machine. As these threads are always woven either in right angle or parallel lines, the woven fabric may be torn apart along a straight line.
Felt can be made into the smoothest fabric known, once again because it is made of tiny single fibers interlocking in every direction rather than groups of twisted fibers woven in a straight line. Felt is the lightest fabric known, in relation to its tensile strength, because a minimum of fibers are required to make the requisite toughness. Felt is the most resilient of fabrics, for the same reason. Felt is the more impervious to water than any other fabric, because of the close interlocking of its fibers and because the animal fibers themselves do not soak up moisture.
Beanie raccoon fur pompom are chiefly made of rabbit fur. Some hare fur is used to make better hats, and is often mixed with rabbit fur to produce hats in various medium price grades. Beaver, the finest fur, and nutria are usually used in the best hats, and muskrat also supplies raw material for hatmaking,
By “fur” is meant the downy under-fur of these animals, not the long, coarse hair that is commonly called fur. Only this under-fur has on the surface of each fiber the barb-like projections which will lock the fibers together to make a strong felt.
The long hairs are pulled out or sheared off. The remaining under-fur is chemically treated to raise up the microscopic barbs for better felting. It is then cut from the skin, or to be exact, the skin is cut from it, being shredded away by flailing knives. So precisely is this done that the loose fur retains the shape of the skin when it leaves the cutting machine on a moving belt. Girls pick the various grades of fur from the form, such as cheeks, flanks, sides, entire, center-backs, etc., and pack them in different paper bags forstorage. Cut fur is considered as “long stock,” while recovered fur, such as from raccoon bobble hat trimmings for roundings, is called “shortstock.”
A good fur blend is a proper combination of large and small fibers to produce the texture wanted. So much long stock is needed to give a good rate and quality of felting and so much short stock to fill the interstices, thus imparting smoothness and compactness. As many as eight different types of grades of fur may enter into a single fur mixture, depending on the price of the raccoon fur bobble hat, the color to which it is to be dyed, etc.